Persian Lesson 18 – Negative in S. P. Tense, Numbers from 1 to 10

Persian Lesson 18 – Negative in S. P. Tense, Numbers from 1 to 10

Persian Lesson 18 – Negative in S. P. Tense, Numbers from 1 to 10

Nov 18, 2018 - Persian Language Courses
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Salam! Khosh amadid!

 

Do you remember what I told you about making verbs in simple past tense? Good! As you remember, we will have a verb in

simple past tense if we delete  /nu:n/from the end of an infinitive. But, quite unfortunately, I forgot to tell you something very important!! You want to know it? Ok! I forgot to ask you not to throw that  /nu:n/ away!! We need it now!

We already know how to say ‘my brother sold this car’. Remember? All right! Today, we are going to say this sentence: ‘my brother didn’t sell this car’.

Correct! We are going to make a sentence negative in simple past tense. That’s why we need  /nu:n/again. If we put  with /næ/ sound in the beginning of a verb, we have made that verb or that sentence negative. You see how easy Persian is!

Delete  from the end of an infinitive to make a verb in simple past tense. Put  with /næ/ sound in the beginning of the same verb to make it negative.

Example:

He/She went=  /u: ræft/.

He/She didn’t go =  /u: næræft/.

Now let’s go back to that sentence above once more.

My brother sold this car =  /bæra:dæræm in ma:shin ra: foru:kht/.

My brother didn’t sell this car =  /bæra:dæræm in ma:shin ra: næforu:kht/.

Now try this one:

She found her book yesterday =  /u: keta:bæsh ra: diru:z peida: kærd/.

She didn’t find her book yesterday =  /u: keta:bæsh ra: diru:z peida: nækærd/.

Note: I am sure all of you remember what I told you about the compound verbs in Persian. In compound verbs, it’s the second part of the verb that accepts changes. Am I right? Like what we see above: ‘to find’ means  /peida: kærdæn/. We have nothing to do with the first part, which is /peida:/. Do you remember it? Great!

I think it’s now good to start learning numbers in Persian. Before doing this, let me tell you something. The most difficult part in learning numbers is in the beginning. If we learn them from one to twenty correctly we will have no problems with the rest of the numbers. So, please try to learn the first twenty numbers fluently and you’ll have no more problems!

Ready?

One=  /yek/.
Two=  /do/.
Three =  /seh/.
Four=  /chæha:r/.
Five =  /pænj/.
Six =  /shesh/.
Seven =  /hæft/.
Eight =  /hæsht/.
Nine =  /noh/.
Ten =  /dæh/.

Ok! That’s all we need to learn today! 

With this we come to end of lesson 18. I hope you enjoyed it.

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All Comments (4)

ellen

"We already know how to say my brother sold this car". Where in the previous 17 lessons from 2018 did we learn this phrase? I did not encounter it. Occasionally you refer to vocabulary items not found in the body of the core lessons. Am confused as to where they are found. I don't see how the supplemental exercises match up with these core lessons.

pooriya

Dear ellen, there had been changes in our lessons and we are still reviewing and editing them to get better. Just try to skip these extra mentions till we get things alright. Thanks for your attention and consideration.

ellen

Aaaaah, I just saw this after sending a blistering msg to you from lesson 15 on this same topic. Apologies for being such a harsh critic but I want to be able to move along on the learning curve. I appreciate how hard you are working on this site.

pooriya

That's no problem at all, in fact we appreciate your close attention to our content and website. Just keep on going and let us know about our mistakes.

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